Can random dots or spots on the skin be a life threatening medical condition? What are the best home remedies that can cure Red Bumps on Skin, Legs, and face? Below are insights and overview of different Authorities and refereed Journals in the field of dermatology regarding Bumps on the skin

Red Bumps on Skin

red bumps on skin causes

red bumps on skin

Red bumps on the skin can sometimes be itchy resulting to an itchy skin or a condition known pruritus , whereby there is  uncontrollable sensation that make you want to scratch to relieve the feeling . So what causes red bumps on the skin?  From the Journal; Clinical dermatology 20I6 and Research done 2003 by Skin Research Institute Miami in USA, enumerates the below I2 conditions as the causes of Red Bumps on skin.

  • Some skin cancers– skin cancers can present as red splotches on the legs. Basel cell carcinoma and Bowen’s disease grow slowly with no symptoms other than the red marks, though occasionally they can bleed. Another type of skin cancer, invasive squamous cell carcinoma, grows quickly in scaly lumps. Surgical removal of these patches is often necessary to treat the skin cancer.
  • Contact dermatitis-Contact dermatitis is the body’s response to an irritant. For instance, those who are allergic to latex and are touched by the material will develop blistered, irritated skin. It is important to find the source of allergic reaction. Allergic reactions on the legs can be from a new type of soap, new laundry detergent or a different brand of socks. Contact dermatitis will create itchy, blistered spots on the legs.
  • Cytotoxic drugs-Exposure to medication used to treat arthritis such as cytotoxic medications can cause red spots to appear on the lower portion of the legs. This can be a sign that you are experiencing bleeding under the skin. Watch for additional side effects including chills, fever, and sore throat, blood in the urine or unusual bruising. Contact your doctor right away if these side effects occur.
  • Vasculitis –Vasculitis is a condition that causes blood vessels in one part of the body to become inflamed as they thicken and weaken. If this condition goes untreated it can cause organ death in nearby areas. Vasculitis can cause organ death in nearby areas. Vasculitis can cause red blotches on the skin, immune system issues, allergic reactions or loss of appetite. The affected area will often be quite painful.
  • Hives– Hives are frequently caused by exposure to an allergen. These will appear as raised red bumps that can be very itchy. Any area that is exposed to the allergen can develop these hives including the legs, body, arms or face. Hives can develop if you have consumed a substance you are allergic to such as shellfish or medications. Some also develop hives in extreme hot or cold condition.
  • Infections-infections on the skin can cause red blotches to appear on the skin. These are frequently caused a bacterial that is affecting the skin. Bacterial infections will require medications to eliminate the bumps on the skin.
  • Allergies –there are many different types of allergies and they can each affect the body differently. Allergies to things such as insect bites can cause red bumps to appear on the affected area of the skin. Failing to cover your skin properly when you go outdoors can cause your skin to develop these rashes. Allergies to cosmetics such as lotions can also cause red spots to appear on your skin.
  • Scleroderma– scleroderma is a chronic condition that causes rashes to appear on leg, arms, back or face. This is an autoimmune disease that is caused by a protein called collagen malfunctioning. If this protein is produced in excess, it can cause the skin to become excessively elastic, causing red spots or blushes to appear on the legs and other areas of the body.
  • Diabetes Mellitus– A few types of red spots on the various parts of the body are associated with diabetes mellitus. For instance, venous stasis ulcers look like open sores or popped blisters, and they are often caused by the breakdown of the vascular system in this diseases. Another condition, necrobiosis lipoidica, appears as brownish patches and comes from being dependent on insulin for blood sugar control.
  • Heat rash-Heat rash cause itchy red bumps that may also feel prickly and tingle, and usually happens around the neck or other areas where sweat becomes trapped beneath clogged pores. Heat rashes are common in hot, humid weather, and usually go away on their own once the skin is cooled down.
  • Shingles-Shingles are caused by the chickenpox virus. They start in rash that develop to red bumps on the skin raised, tingling dots and gradually become painful blisters on torso and buttocks that can take weeks and even month for the pain, itching to subside. Those who get chicken pox as a child are at risk for shingles in adulthood and it is possible to have recurring shingles.
  • Skin tags-A skin tag forms as a small, annoying flap of flesh-colored tissue that protrude from a stalk typically near the neck, shoulder, chest, armpit, under the breasts or wherever there is friction. Women and seniors are more prone to these annoying but yet not dangerous skin ailment.

Red Bumps on arms

Red bumps on the arms is due to a medical condition called Keratosis which causes numerous small, rough, tan or red little skin conditions around hair follicles on the upper arms, thighs and cheecks. Keratosis according to NHS Website occur when too much keratin build up in the skin’s hair follicles.

Keratin is a protein found in the tough outer layer of skin, which causes the surface of the skin to thicken hence the name ‘’keratosis”. The excess keratin blocks the hair follicles with plugs of hard, rough skin which widen the pores, giving the skin a spotty appearance.

Red Itchy Bumps on Legs

red bumps on legs

red bumps on legs – mosquito bites

Red spots on your legs your legs can be raised or flat, itchy or completely painless. Sometimes the red lesions will fade to darker patch on the skin. The red spots on your legs can congregate around your feet or they can spread up the whole leg, even spreading to other areas of the body. It is important to keep track of the details of the red spots on your legs so that you can adequately explain them to your doctor.

According to Dermatological Journal called Journal of Clinical and Experiment Dermatology Research, Red itchy bumps on legs is most often caused by Atopic dermatitis. It is the most common cause of red spots on legs. It is usually very itchy, affects children more than adults. In adults it occurs in places where your socks cover the flesh. It can come in flares and is usually treated with moisturizers and removal from whatever may trigger a flare. If the rash becomes infected, an antibiotic may be necessary.

Itchy Bumps on Skin like Mosquito Bites

Sometimes you may look in the mirror and see a red, irritated patch, which are incredibly annoying. So what causes these bumps? There are potentially hundreds of conditions that can cause your skin to flare up. According to the following Authorities in the field of dermatology: DR. Rabecca Kazin and DR. Tina Alster, both Dermatologist and associate directors at Washington institute of Dermatologic Laser Surgery, explain the causes or conditions that are likely to trigger itchy bumps on skin as follow:

  1. ACNE

Acne is sometimes called pimples or zits and it happens when dirt, oil, sweat and dead skin cells block pores. The blockage can become compressed and hard, forming blackheads or whiteheads. Bacteria trapped in the pores cause a small infection, filling the pore with pus and making the surrounding skin red, swollen and painful. Acne is the most common skin condition and happens most often during the adolescence, when surging hormones stimulate the production of oil and sweat. It usually occurs on the face, but can be found on the neck, chest, back, groin, or shoulders.  Though it is not a serious condition, but acne can be embarrassing and scratching can cause scarring.

  1. ECZEMA

Eczema is a skin condition that causes patches of dry, red skin that are very itchy. In some people the patches look very rough or scaly. It is common babies and young children, especially on the cheeks or in folds of the skin such as behind the knees. Most children outgrow eczema, but sometimes it first appears or sticks around into adulthood. Eczema Needs to be diagnosed by a doctor but can usually be treated at home.

For most people, eczema is exacerbated by triggers, or things in the environment that cause the skin to react. Dry air or skin is often a trigger, keeping the skin well-moisturized and using a humidifier can help a great deal. For other people irritants or mild allergies can cause eczema rashes to appear. Eczema can even be set off by stress or hormones.

The treatment of eczema involves avoiding triggers and irritating chemicals or clothing, taking lukewarm showers, and keeping the skin well-hydrated. If symptoms persist, a dermatologist can prescribe steroid creams or even phototherapy, which uses UV light to reduce the itch.

  1. INSECT BITES

Insect bites especially mosquito bites, are a common cause of itchiness and bumpy skin. Other bugs that bite or sting include bees and wasps, spiders, ants, bedbugs, mites, ticks, and fleas. Bites may be painful, like a bee sting, or barely noticeable until the area develops an itchy red lump. They may show up as numerous tiny bumps or one larger bite. The best way of handling bug bites is prevention: when outdoors use bug repellant and wear long sleeves, long pants, and sturdy shoes. At home only open windows or doors that can be covered with screens, and make sure pets have been treated with flea and tick medication.

Most bites or stings can be treated with first aid. Cool compresses or ice will relieve pain and itching, and pain medications or over-the counter creams containing hydrocortisone can provide relief. It is important to be aware however, that certain insect bites can be dangerous or spread disease. Some people are also allergic to insect venom, especially bee stings and this can cause a medical emergency. If you or someone with you has been bitten and you notice symptoms such as severe pain, swelling in the lips or face, rapid heartbeat, or trouble breathing, get to a doctor right away. In addition, you should schedule an appointment with your doctor if you experience symptoms such as a rash, aching joints, or fever in the days and weeks after a bug bite.

  1. ACTINIC KERATOSIS

Actinic keratosis is one or more small patches of rough, grainy, or raised skin caused by damage from the sun. The spots start very small and can grow to an itch or more in diameter. They are usually red, but can also be pink or the same color as surrounding skin.

Typically these spots are found on areas of skin that are exposed to the sun, such as the face, arms and hands, or a bald scalp. Older people are at higher risk of developing actinic keratosis simply because they have accumulated more hours of sun exposure during their life.

Actinic keratosis should always be seen by a dermatologist,  because if it is left untreated the sores have the potential to turn into skin cancer. If it is caught early, the spots can be safely and easily removed before they become problematic. The damage areas can be removed by freezing, cutting them away, lesser therapy, or strong medicated creams. Your dermatologist will examine the sores and decide which method is best for you.

  1. SCABIES

Scabies is an extremely itchy rash made up of many tiny, red sores or bumps, sometimes occurring in lines across the skin. The itching is intense and usually more noticeable at night. Scabies rashes can appear anywhere on the body, but are most common on the hands and arms or in areas closely covered by jewelry or clothing, such as the beltline. In some cases a rough, scaly patch can form over the rash. Scabies is caused by an infestation of skin mites, tiny bugs that are so small they are invisible to the naked eye. They burrow into the skin in trails, and proteins from their bodies or waste cause a significant, itchy reaction in the surrounding skin. It takes several days after becoming infected for the rash to appear.

Scabies is extremely contagious and anyone who is in close contact with an infected person can catch scabies. It can be transmitted through skin-to-skin contact, or by sharing items such as towels, clothes and bedding. People, who live in groups, such as in nursing homes or dorms, are at higher risk of getting scabies.

  1. FOLLICULITIS

Folliculitis occurs when hair follicles become blocked or damaged, leading to infection and irritation that may become itchy or swollen and painful. It is common in the groin and public area, but may also occur in other places on the body, especially the face where shaving can introduce bacteria into the skin. It may look like a rash of tiny red or white bumps; infections deeper in the skin may look like large, red, inflamed lumps that weep fluid. The sores can be slow to heal or might keep coming back. Folliculitis is usually an infection caused by bacteria, but it can also be caused by fungus such, viruses or ingrown hairs.

  1. PSORIASIS

Psoriasis affects 3-5% of population, causing patches of red, scaly, flaking skin that may itch. Sometimes the patch is raised and rough or bumpy. It can look silvery, and sometimes it can look like tiny red dots or blisters. These rashes can appear anywhere on the body, but are most often found on the elbows, knees, and scalp. Some patients also experience aching, swollen joints. In psoriasis, something triggers the immune system to overreact, and the top layer of skin begins to grow too fast. This causes the flakey, itchy patches.

Random Itchy Bumps on Skin

itchy bumps on the neck

itchy bumps on the neck

Random itchy bumps on the skin is a condition in medical terms as acute popular urticaria, it is commonly seen to be secondary to allergy or if it happens it might be that you are coming in contact with or through ingestion, inhalation or some medication. This condition is associated with a lot of itching and discomfort. To treat these condition, According to Dr. Tina Alster , Dermatologist and associate director  at Washington Institute of Dermatologic Laser Surgery , you need to take over-the-counter tablet claritine I0mg  twice a day, or in the absence of claritine, you need to apply over-the-counter  calamine lotion on the affected areas.

How to Get Rid of Red Bumps on Skin

Consider the following methods:

  1. Topical treatments and creams. Topical creams have ability to reduce symptoms and get rid of the red spots on the legs and other body parts. Hydrocortisone cream is the most common topical treatment cream used in relieving the red bump discomforts.
  2. Over-the counter anti-fungal cream. This is an important treatment if the bumps are caused by a fungal infection. There are both topical and oral antifungal creams which can hasten the removal of red bump on the skin.
  3. Antihistamine therapy. If the red bumps are due to allergies, antihistamine can be the appropriate medication. Try the over the counter antihistamine. If they do not work; go to a doctor for diagnosis and prescription.
  4. Use of moisturizers. Red bumps on your legs can be soothed through the application of deeply hydrating moisturizers. However, it’s also important to recognize that, for some causes of the red bumps, this kind of therapy can be less fitting.
  5. Gentle cleansing. When suffering from mild red spots, even if they are somehow bumpy a gentle cleanser can be of some help. However, avoid harsh soaps that dry out the skin and exacerbate the rough texture of the bumps. Remember the soaps should be detergent free.
  6. Warm compress treatment. Warm compress is an effective technique that will help you relieve the pain and heal the small or big painful red bumps on your legs and thighs. It will also make the bumps that may have turned to boils less inflamed and a bit softer. Yet again warm compress will advance the blood circulation in the skin on your leg leading to some relief.

Home Remedies for Red Itchy bumps

Baking soda

Soaking your body in a bath water of baking soda for 20 minutes can help to a great extend to ease and eliminate the problem of red bumps on your skin.

To use baking soda:

  • Add one cup of baking soda to a tub of warm water in a water bath.
  • Bath in this water for 20 minutes.
  • Pat your skin dry with a towel.

Thyme

Thyme is rich in thymol an anesthetic and analgesic natural ingredient that lessens inflammation and numbs that creepy crawling feeling of itchy skin.

To use thyme for topical purpose:

  • Steep handful of dried thyme leaves in boiling water.
  • Let it cool and strain out the leaves
  • Apply the solution to skin with a damp cloth or compress.

Mint

Mint is known for its calming effects on the skin. It contains menthol which is an anti-inflammatory agent helps to get rid of inflammation from red bumpy itchy skin.

To use mint for topical purposes:

  • Place a handful of dried mint leaves into boiling water.
  • Let the solution cool and then apply it to the affected areas of itchy skin.

Oatmeal

Oatmeal is already used in many skin creams and body washes for sensitive skin.  When natural oats made into a paste by adding water, it can be spread over irritated skin or sprinkled into a bath for a calming, soothing affect on irritated skin.

Glycerin

Glycerin is an effective skin reliever because it has Humectants properties create a moisturizing, cooling effect on parched or irritated skin. Over-the-counter glycerin or glycerin soap are great remedies for those who suffer from eczema.

Further references:

  1. Causes of Bumps on skin m.activebeat.com/your-health/possible-causes-for-those-bumps-on-your-skin/
  2. Slideshow: Below the Belt: Rashes, Bumps, and Lump https://www.Wedmd.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/ss/slideshow-below-the-belt
  3. 8 top most causes of itchy red Bumps https://www.self.com/story/the-7-most-common-causes-of-itchy-red-bumps
  4. Raised Skin Bump: 30 Causes, and Treatments https://www.healthline.com/health/raised-skin-bump
  5. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/folliculitis